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Molecular basis of telomere dysfunction in human genetic diseases.

Authors: Grzegorz G. Sarek, Paulina P. Marzec, Pol P. Margalef, Simon J SJ. Boulton
Published: 11/20/2015, Nature structural & molecular biology


Mutations in genes encoding proteins required for telomere structure, replication, repair and length maintenance are associated with several debilitating human genetic disorders. These complex telomere biology disorders (TBDs) give rise to critically short telomeres that affect the homeostasis of multiple organs. Furthermore, genome instability is often a hallmark of telomere syndromes, which are associated with increased cancer risk. Here, we summarize the molecular causes and cellular consequences of disease-causing mutations associated with telomere dysfunction.

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