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TPP1 Blocks an ATR-Mediated Resection Mechanism at Telomeres.

Authors: Tatsuya T. Kibe, Michal M. Zimmermann, Titia T. de Lange
Published: 01/14/2016, Molecular cell


The regulation of 5' end resection at DSBs and telomeres prevents genome instability. DSB resection is positively and negatively regulated by ATM signaling through CtIP/MRN and 53BP1-bound Rif1, respectively. Similarly, telomeres lacking TRF2 undergo ATM-controlled CtIP-dependent hyper-resection when the repression by 53BP1/Rif1 is alleviated. However, telomere resection in the absence of 53BP1/Rif1 is more extensive upon complete removal of shelterin, indicating additional protection against resection by shelterin. Here we show that TPP1 and POT1a/b in shelterin block a resection pathway distinct from that repressed by TRF2. This second pathway is regulated by ATR signaling, involves Exo1 and BLM, and is inhibited by 53BP1/Rif1. Thus, mammalian cells have two distinct 5' end-resection pathways that are regulated by DNA damage signaling, in part through Rif1-mediated inhibition. The data show that telomeres are protected from hyper-resection through the repression of the ATM and ATR kinases by TRF2 and TPP1-bound POT1a/b, respectively.

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