Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the most common malignant heterogeneous polygenetic carcinoma with a high incidence in Asia. Most patients would die within 1 year after diagnosis and the 5 year survival rate is less than 10-20% worldwide. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes regulate telomere maintenance, mitosis, and inflammation, and may help predict individual susceptibility to certain drugs, environmental factor, and risks to particular diseases. The gene-gene interaction and the regulation of SNPs have not been assessed extensively in CCA. According to our previous study, the GRB2-associated-binding protein (Gab1) gene rs3805246 (X(2) =5.015, P=0.025, OR=0.531, 95% CI 0.304-0.928) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene rs2007000 (X(2) =7.934, P=0.005, OR=2.148, 95% CI 1.255-3.675) presented significant difference between CCA patients and controls. This study conducted a population-based analysis using 225 CCA cases (153 biliary tract cancer patients and 72 gall bladder cancer patients) to assess the association between SNPs and progression of CCA patients, including the overall survival and the prognosis analysis. Results showed that an increased susceptibility of BTC was significantly associated with SNP loci distribution frequency in EGFR rs2107000 (X(2) =7.934, P=0.005, OR=2.148, 95% CI 1.255-3.675). Furthermore, multivariate factor regression analysis represented cholelithiasis medical history of BTC patients can be an effective evaluation criteria of BTC susceptibility in early stage. This study also assessed the relationship between these genotypic polymorphisms and clinicopathologic data, including tumor differentiation stage and overall survival. This is the first study identifying that EGFR polymorphisms are associated with BTC and EGFR rs2017000 polymorphisms may be an important survival predictor in BTC patients.