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Inherited bone marrow failure associated with germline mutation of ACD, the gene encoding telomere protein TPP1.

Authors: Yiran Y. Guo, Melissa M. Kartawinata, Jiankang J. Li, Hilda A HA. Pickett, Juliana J. Teo, Tatjana T. Kilo, Pasquale M PM. Barbaro, Brendan B. Keating, Yulan Y. Chen, Lifeng L. Tian, Ahmad A. Al-Odaib, Roger R RR. Reddel, John J. Christodoulou, Xun X. Xu, Hakon H. Hakonarson, Tracy M TM. Bryan
Published: 09/09/2014, Blood


Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that is necessary for overcoming telomere shortening in human germ and stem cells. Mutations in telomerase or other telomere-maintenance proteins can lead to diseases characterized by depletion of hematopoietic stem cells and bone marrow failure (BMF). Telomerase localization to telomeres requires an interaction with a region on the surface of the telomere-binding protein TPP1 known as the TEL patch. Here, we identify a family with aplastic anemia and other related hematopoietic disorders in which a 1-amino-acid deletion in the TEL patch of TPP1 (ΔK170) segregates with disease. All family members carrying this mutation, but not those with wild-type TPP1, have short telomeres. When introduced into 293T cells, TPP1 with the ΔK170 mutation is able to localize to telomeres but fails to recruit telomerase to telomeres, supporting a causal relationship between this TPP1 mutation and bone marrow disorders. ACD/TPP1 is thus a newly identified telomere-related gene in which mutations cause aplastic anemia and related BMF disorders.

© 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.
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