The family Parodontidae presents a conserved diploid number of 54 chromosomes and different stages associated with ZW sex chromosome differentiation. For the great majority of species in this family it was proposed that the karyotypic diversification is mostly due to repetitive DNA mobility and accumulation. In this study, 2 repetitive probes, (GATA)n and (TTAGGG)n, were used to assess probable mechanisms of chromosome diversification, especially those related to molecular differentiation of the W chromosome. Results showed that the (GATA)n sequence is involved in the differentiation of the W chromosome female-specific region of Parodontidae and that it is accumulated in diverse autosomes. The (TTAGGG)n repeat is part of the vertebrate telomere, and the presence of interstitial telomeric sites may help to identify chromosome rearrangements. However, in Parodontidae, no interstitial telomeric sites were detected. This study shows plasticity in the amount of the (GATA)n repeat in Parodontidae that may be involved in chromatin modifications and transcriptional control of the W chromosome, and the role of repetitive DNAs in genomic diversification in this fish family is discussed.