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Arm-specific telomere dynamics of each individual chromosome in induced pluripotent stem cells revealed by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Authors: Masanori M. Terai, Naotaka N. Izumiyama-Shimomura, Junko J. Aida, Naoshi N. Ishikawa, Mie M. Kuroiwa, Tomio T. Arai, Masashi M. Toyoda, Ken-ichi K. Nakamura, Kaiyo K. Takubo
Published: 08/27/2014, Tissue & cell


We have reported that telomere fluorescence units (TFUs) of established induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from human amnion (hAM933) and fetal lung fibroblasts (MRC-5) were significantly longer than those of the parental cells, and that the telomere extension rates varied quite significantly among clones without chromosomal instability, although the telomeres of other iPSCs derived from MRC-5 became shorter as the number of passages increased along with chromosomal abnormalities from an early stage. In the present study we attempted to clarify telomere dynamics in each individual chromosomal arm of parental cells and their derived clonal human iPSCs at different numbers of passages using quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (Q-FISH). Although no specific arm of any particular chromosome appeared to be consistently shorter or longer than most of the other chromosomes in any of the cell strains, telomere elongation in each chromosome of an iPSC appeared to be random and stochastic. However, in terms of the whole genome of any specific cell, the telomeres showed overall elongation associated with iPSC generation. We have thus demonstrated the specific telomere dynamics of each individual chromosomal arm in iPSCs derived from parental cells, and in the parental cells themselves, using Q-FISH.

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