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A simple "add and measure" FRET-based telomeric tandem repeat sequence detection and telomerase assay method.

Authors: Koji K. Kawamura, Hidenobu H. Yaku, Daisuke D. Miyoshi, Takashi T. Murashima
Published: 01/15/2014, Organic & biomolecular chemistry


A simple and sensitive method for measuring telomeric tandem repeat DNA and telomerase activity based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) with a FAM-modified 12-mer ODN probe as a donor (fluorophore) and ethidium bromide (EB) as an acceptor (quencher) is proposed. When telomeric DNA and the FAM-modified probe form a duplex, EB intercalates between base-pairs, resulting in fluorescence quenching of FAM through FRET from FAM to EB. This method can be used to estimate the amount of telomeric DNAs in a sample solution as the molar concentration of the telomeric DNA unit [5'-(TTA GGG TTA GGG)-3']. A linear fluorescence quenching ratio was obtained in 5-1000 pM of telomeric DNA units by adjusting the amount of FAM-modified probe. A PCR-free telomerase activity assay using this FRET-based method could be applied to ≥400 HeLa cells per μL. This assay represents a novel technique for initial screenings of cancer diagnosis and is a facile method for quantifying telomeric DNA or other tandem repeat sequences.

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